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    沙盘模型制作过程与方法
    2019-4-23 11:44:28 来源:http://www.jnsymx.com
    战争片中我们经常能看到作战指导人员在一个很大的沙盘前面布置作战方案;或是在房地产展销会上呈现的楼群与室内户型构造的沙盘。沙盘将地形地貌或很大的物件浓缩到一张桌子大小的台子上,使我们能够微观地观摩宏观的物体,是军事、科研、房地产、工业、农业、教学、影视拍摄等范畴所不可短少的得力助手。
    In war movies, we often see combat instructors arranging combat plans in front of a large sand table, or sand tables of buildings and indoor household structures presented at real estate exhibitions. Sand tables concentrate topography or large objects onto a table-sized table, enabling us to observe macroscopic objects in a micro way. They are indispensable assistants in military, scientific research, real estate, industry, agriculture, teaching, film and television shooting, etc.
    沙盘,或者叫作模型,是一种技术和工艺都较高的美术作品,属于工艺美术的范畴。各个不同的时期制造沙盘的工艺和资料是不尽相同的,即便是现代,每一家模型公司的制造工艺和用料也是不太相同的。下面我们就其制造工艺和用材作一个讨论。
    Sand table, or model, is a kind of art work with high technology and craftsmanship, which belongs to the category of Arts and crafts. The technology and materials used to make sand tables vary from time to time. Even in modern times, the manufacturing processes and materials used by each model company are different. Next, we will discuss the manufacturing process and materials.
    所需求的设备有:电脑,设计软件AutoCAD,雕琢机,工作台,油漆喷枪等。 所需求的原资料有:各种厚度的有机玻璃板,各种厚度的PVC板,普通海绵,大孔海绵,背胶纸,各色绒线末,粗鱼线,铜丝电线,0.5mm漆包线,涂料,各色油漆,绒面墙纸,三氯甲烷,干花,发胶,小彩灯等。
    Required equipment are: computer, design software AutoCAD, carving machine, worktable, paint spray gun and so on. Required raw materials are: organic glass panels of various thicknesses, PVC panels of various thicknesses, ordinary sponges, large pore sponges, backing glue paper, various colors of wool end, coarse fish wire, copper wire, 0.5mm enamelled wire, paint, suede wallpaper, trichloromethane, dry flowers, hair gel, small colored lights, etc.
    所需求的工具有:美工刀、锯条刀、木工工具、电工工具等。
    Required tools are: art knife, saw blade knife, woodworking tools, electrical tools and so on.

    一、沙盘台子,首先,要将顾客托付持房地产平面布置图和施工图纸研讨透,组装部依据平面布置图及沙盘的比例来制造沙盘的台子。台子普通做成台球桌状,假如是大型的沙盘,要做成几个小台子,拼到一同。

    潍坊模型公司作品展示

    First, the sand table, first of all, the customer entrusted to hold the real estate layout and construction drawings thorough discussion, assembly department according to the layout and sand table proportion to manufacture sand table table. The table is usually made into a billiard table. If it is a large sand table, it should be made into several small tables and put them together.
    二、PVC板喷漆,喷漆部依据楼房图纸的设色彩出相应颜色的油漆来,喷在相应的PVC板上,送到设计部停止雕琢。
    2. Spray paint on PVC board. The spray paint department sprays the corresponding color paint on the corresponding PVC board according to the layout color of the building drawings, and sends it to the design department to stop carving.
    三、雕琢楼房部件,设计部依据施工图按比例设计出楼房的构造,并在电脑上合成成不同的板块,按施工的请求设计出墙面的花纹、房顶的瓦棱、窗子等,然后发送到雕琢机在PVC板上雕琢出楼房的板块,送到制造部制造。
    3. Carving building parts, the design department designs the building structure proportionally according to the construction drawings, and synthesizes different plates on the computer, designs the wall patterns, roof tiles, windows and so on according to the construction requirements, and then sends them to the carving machine to carve the building plates on the PVC board and send them to the manufacturing department for manufacture.
    四、组合楼房,制造部依据设计部送来的楼房板块,依据阐明和粘合方式,用三氯甲烷将PVC板块粘合成楼房的大致外形。窗子的外形是直接雕琢在PVC板上的,用薄而透明的有机玻璃板粘在内部窗子的位置作为窗子的玻璃。
    4. Composite buildings. Manufacturing Department uses trichloromethane to bond PVC plates into the general shape of the building according to the floor plates sent by Design Department and the way of clarification and bonding. The shape of the window is directly carved on the PVC board, and the position of the inner window with thin and transparent plexiglass board is used as the glass of the window.
    五、置景,置景部依据组装部所作的台子战争面布置图,在台子上划分出平面规划,用绿色绒面墙纸作为草地粘在绿化区,大孔海绵浸上绿色油漆晾干,裁生长条作为绿化带粘在小灌木区。假如规划中有水和湖泊,能够用波纹面的有机玻璃板,反面喷湖蓝色漆,裁成河流或湖泊的外形放在相应的位置。若是有高地,可将有机玻璃板或PVC板层层堆积并修整成形,再抹上涂料填充缝隙,晾干后覆上草地。用灰色的背胶纸粘成公路,用白色背胶纸刻成公道路标粘在上面。

    Fifth, according to the battlefield layout of the platform made by the assembly department, the installation department divides the plane plan on the platform, uses the Green Suede wallpaper as the grassland to adhere to the green area, soaks the big pore sponge with the green paint to dry, and cuts the growth Strip as the green belt to adhere to the small shrub area. If water and lakes are included in the plan, corrugated plexiglass panels can be used, and lake blue paint can be sprayed on the opposite side, cut into the shape of rivers or lakes and put in the corresponding position. If there is a highland, the plexiglass or PVC sheets can be stacked layer by layer and trimmed into shape, then coated with paint to fill the gap, after drying, covered with grassland. Glue the highway with grey backing paper and carve the highway signs with white backing paper.

    潍坊模型公司

    六、制造配件,制造部将铜丝电线剥皮,将铜丝拧成树干的外形,喷上漆。普通海绵浸漆,晾干后粉碎,将树干的枝丫浸胶,粘上碎海绵,做成树。若是绿树,海绵可浸绿漆,若是秋天的树,可浸橙色漆。柳树可用0.2mm的漆包线拧成树干与树枝,然后在树枝上粘上绿色绒线末。松树是将粗鱼线剪成细段,用夹子夹住,再将两根0.5mm的漆包线夹住绞动,松开夹子,就成了松树的外形,修剪一下,粘上绿色绒线末即可。其它的花草能够用干花剪下来染色来制造。用医用棉签或牙签做成路灯。泡沫塑料能够用刀片雕琢成假山石的外形,喷上漆。
    6. Manufacturing accessories. The manufacturing department peels copper wires, twists them into trunks and sprays paint on them. Ordinary sponges are dipped in paint, dried and crushed. Branches of tree trunks are dipped in glue and bonded with crushed sponges to make trees. If it is a green tree, the sponge can be dipped in green paint, if it is an autumn tree, it can be dipped in orange paint. Willows can be twisted into trunks and branches with 0.2 mm enameled wire, and then stick green wool on the branches. Pine tree is to cut thick fishing thread into thin segments, clamp with clips, and then two 0.5mm enameled wires clamped twist, loosen the clip, it becomes the shape of pine tree, prune, stick green wool end. Other plants can be made by cutting and dyeing dried flowers. Street lamps are made of medical cotton swabs or toothpicks. Foam plastic can be carved into the shape of rockery with blades and sprayed with paint.
    七、整体组合,置景部将制造部送来的花草树木及楼房按布置粘在相应的中央。组装部依据每栋楼房所在的位置,打孔并装上小彩灯,使楼房模型内部能发光,好像开灯的效果,并接好线路。设计部雕琢出楼房与路的标识、文字,做成小标牌,粘在相应的位置。
    7. Integral combination. The Landscape Department will stick the flowers, plants, trees and buildings sent by the manufacturing department to the corresponding center according to the layout. According to the location of each building, the assembly department punches holes and installs small color lights to make the interior of the building model glow, like the effect of turning on the lights, and connecting the lines. The design department carved out the signs and characters of the buildings and roads, and made them into small signboards, which were glued to the corresponding positions.
    以上是房地产楼群沙盘的制造流程。这些步骤能够分开停止,也能够颠倒工作次第,或是几个步骤同步停止,每一个模型工作室的工作流程都不太相同。
    Above is the manufacturing process of sand table for real estate buildings. These steps can be stopped separately, reversed, or several steps can be stopped synchronously. The workflow of each model studio is different.
    好了,今天由潍坊模型公司为我们带来的的精彩内容就给大家介绍到这里了,希望通过我们的讲解对大家有所帮助!我们的官网是:http://www.jnsymx.com!谢谢大家的支持!
    Well, the wonderful content brought to us by Weifang Model Company is introduced here. I hope it will be helpful to you through our explanation. Our official website is: http://www.jnsymx.com! Thank you for your support!
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