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    园林模型中的造型材料该如何选择
    2019-4-13 13:56:15 来源:http://www.jnsymx.com
    园林模型的直观效果与材料有一定的关系。材料关系到模型产品的质感,选择不当或者使用不当都会影响到园林模型的终效果。因此,必须根据不同模型的设计需求来进行合理的选择。那园林模型的造型材料该如何选择?不同的造型材料又有什么区别呢?不要着急,我们接下来就一起看一下潍坊模型公司给我们做出的一些分析吧!
    The visual effect of the garden model has a certain relationship with the material. Material is related to the texture of the model products, improper selection or improper use will affect the final effect of the garden model. Therefore, reasonable selection must be made according to the design requirements of different models. Then how to choose the modeling materials of garden models? What are the differences between different modeling materials? Don't worry, let's take a look at some analysis made by Weifang Model Company.
    首先我们要弄清楚园林模型不同造型材料特性不同:
    First of all, we need to make clear that the characteristics of different modeling materials of garden models are different.
    1、泡沫塑料、塑料薄板:能够满足廉价、省时、省材、省力的模型材料还包括泡沫塑料、塑料薄板。同时这些材料质量轻,容易进行加工处理,也相对便宜,只需要适当的设备就能进行加工。当今发泡材料日益为设计师所青睐,其大的优点在于允许设计师塑造大型的物体,在塑造大型块体的成型过程中替代了需要耗费大量时间、运用大型加工设备的木材、黏土等材料而成为新型的造型材料。
    1. Foam plastics and plastic sheets: Model materials which can meet the requirements of low cost, time saving, material saving and labor saving include foam plastics and plastic sheets. At the same time, these materials are light in weight, easy to process and relatively inexpensive, and can be processed only with appropriate equipment. Nowadays, foaming materials are increasingly favored by designers. Its greatest advantage is that it allows designers to shape large objects. In the process of forming large blocks, it replaces wood, clay and other materials which need to spend a lot of time and use large-scale processing equipment and becomes a new type of plastic materials.
    2、黏土、塑料和聚酯:黏土一般不能作为一种结构性模型材料来使用。塑料和聚酯模型需要大量的时间,而且需要许多设备和较大的费用投入。这通常意味着一旦模型制作完成后,设计师就不容易再做任何改动,尽管有时这种改动和调整是必要的。

    2. Clay, plastics and polyester: Clay can not be used as a structural model material. Plastic and polyester models take a lot of time, and require a lot of equipment and large cost investment. This usually means that once the model is made, it is not easy for the designer to make any changes, although sometimes such changes and adjustments are necessary.

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    3、纸和硬纸板:纸对于草模型或研讨性模型是一种理想的材料,相对于其他材料,它能被剪刀和被快速粘接,在许多情况下它是能快速操作的介质,以纸来进行设计和制作模型,其表现的可能性是无限的。纸可以被成型为极轻巧的对象,如风筝、饰物、艺术品,或用来建造大型结构,如包装和家具。纸虽然薄却有强度,一个简单的折就可以将纸变成结构性材料。它的这种属性往往能够准确描述出设计中结构的缺陷。尽管纸有各种不同的质量,但它的应用范围还是有限的,不可能适用于所有类型模型的制作。
    3. Paper and cardboard: Paper is an ideal material for straw models or seminar models. Compared with other materials, it can be quickly bonded by scissors. In many cases, it is the most fast-operating medium. Paper can be used to design and make models, and the possibilities of its performance are infinite. Paper can be shaped into extremely light objects, such as kites, ornaments, works of art, or used to build large structures, such as packaging and furniture. Although paper is thin, it has strength. A simple folding can turn paper into structural material. Its attributes can often accurately describe the structural defects in design. Despite its various qualities, paper has a limited range of applications and cannot be applied to all types of models.
    传统的模型制作主要成型于黏土或木质块体,较精确的模型常常采用塑料真空成型或用聚酯加强纤维在模具中成型,这些成型方法都极为耗时和耗资,同时需要大型加工设备、专用的工具和加工经验,常要经过的加工工序包括塑造、翻模、成型、修整与修补、打磨与抛光,涂上封闭物或底漆,表面着色上漆。所以在模型制作中根据不同的设计需求选择相应的模型制作材料是极为重要的。
    Traditional model making is mainly made of clay or wood blocks. More accurate models are usually made by plastic vacuum moulding or polyester reinforced fiber moulding in moulds. These moulding methods are extremely time-consuming and costly. At the same time, they require large-scale processing equipment, special tools and processing experience. The processing procedures often include moulding, turning, moulding, repairing and grinding. With polishing, coat with sealant or primer, and paint the surface. Therefore, it is very important to select appropriate material for model making according to different design requirements in model making.
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    The excellent content of this article is compiled by Weifang Model Company. Our company insists on the win-win concept of honesty and cooperation to provide you with perfect service. Welcome to http://www.jnsymx.com.
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