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    制造模型需要什么材料?
    2019-1-18 11:08:46 来源:http://www.jnsymx.com
    模型的制造咱们想到更多的则是修建模型,售楼中心展柜上的那一排排美丽的小楼,让买房的看起来愈加直观,那么关于模型制造所需求的资料首要有以下几种。
    We think more about building models. The beautiful rows of small buildings on the display cabinet of the sales center make the purchase of houses more intuitive. Then, the information needed for model manufacturing should be as follows.
    石膏
    Gypsum
    石膏价格经济,便利运用加工,用于陶瓷、塑料、模型制造等方面。石膏质地细腻,成型后易于外表装饰加工的修补,易于长期保存,适用于制造各种要求的模型,便于陈列展现。
    Gypsum is economical in price, easy to use and process, used in ceramics, plastics, model manufacturing and so on. The gypsum is delicate in texture, easy to repair after forming, easy to preserve for a long time, suitable for making models with various requirements, and easy to display.
    金属
    Metal
    以钢铁资料运用多,如各种规格的钢铁、管材、板材,有时少数的也用一些铝合金等其他金属资料。 金属模型资料的制造,首要考虑力学性能和成本等方面的要素。
    Iron and steel materials are widely used, such as various specifications of iron and steel, pipes, sheets, and sometimes a small number of other metal materials such as aluminium alloys. In the manufacture of metal model data, the mechanical properties and cost are the primary factors to be considered.
    力学性能首要从金属资料的强度、弹性、硬度、刚度以及抗冲击拉伸的能力等方面来考虑。金属模型加工工艺首要有切削、焊接、铸造、铸造等。因实验室加工条件有限,所以金属模型工艺挑选较少。
    Mechanical properties are mainly considered from the strength, elasticity, hardness, stiffness and impact tensile ability of metal materials. Metal model processing technology mainly includes cutting, welding, casting, casting and so on. Because of the limited processing conditions in the laboratory, the selection of metal model process is less.
    油泥
    Oil sludge
    油泥是一种人工资料。凝固后极软,较软,坚硬。油泥可塑性强,黏性、韧性比黄泥(黏土模型) 强。
    Sludge is a kind of artificial material. After solidification, it is very soft, soft and hard. The plasticity of oil sludge is stronger than that of Loess (clay model).
    它在刻画时运用便利,成型过程中可随意雕塑、修整,成型后不易干裂,可反复运用。油泥价格较高,易于带着,制造一些细巧、异型和曲面较多的造型更为合适。
    It is easy to use in portrayal, and can be sculpted and trimmed at will in the process of forming. It is not easy to crack after forming, and can be used repeatedly. Sludge is more expensive and easy to carry. It is more suitable to make some fine, special-shaped and curved shapes.
    一般像车类、船类造型用油泥极为便利。所以选用褐油泥作为油泥的外层是很正确的挑选。油泥的资料首要成分有滑石粉62%、凡士林30%、工业用蜡8%。

    Generally, it is very convenient to use slurry for vehicle and ship modelling. Therefore, brown oil sludge as the outer layer of the sludge is a very correct choice. The main components of sludge are talc powder 62%, Vaseline 30%, industrial wax 8%.

    塑料
    Plastic
    塑料是一种常用制造模型的新资料。塑料品种许多,首要品种有五十多种,制造模型运用多的是热塑性塑料,首要有聚氯乙烯(PVC)、聚苯乙烯、ABS工程塑料、有机玻璃板材、泡沫塑料板材等。
    Plastics are a new material for common manufacturing models. There are many kinds of plastics. There are more than fifty kinds of plastics. Thermoplastic plastics are the most widely used manufacturing models. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polystyrene, ABS engineering plastics, plexiglass sheets, foam plastic sheets and so on are the most important ones.
    聚氯乙烯耐热性低,可用压塑成型、吹塑成型、压铸成型等多种成型办法。ABS工程塑料的熔点低,用电烤箱、电炉等加热、很简单使其软化,可热压、连接多种杂乱的形体。有机玻璃具有适光性好、质量轻、强度高、色彩鲜艳、加工便利等特点,成型后易于保存。
    Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) has low heat resistance. It can be formed by compression moulding, blow moulding, die casting and other moulding methods. The melting point of ABS engineering plastics is low. It is heated by electric oven, electric furnace and so on. It is very simple to soften it. It can be hot pressed and connected with various disordered forms. Plexiglass has many advantages, such as good light, light weight, high strength, bright color, convenient processing and so on. It is easy to preserve after moulding.
    木制
    wooden
    咱们运用的木材一般都是经过二次加工后的原木材和人工板材。人工板材常有胶合板、刨花板、细木工板、中密度纤维板等。家具的模型制造常用木头制造。
    The timber we use is usually the secondary processed logs and artificial boards. Artificial boards often include plywood, particleboard, blockboard, medium density fiberboard, etc. Furniture models are usually made of wood.
    黏土
    Clay
    黏土资料来历广泛取材便利价格低廉经过“洗泥”工序和“炼熟 过程 其质地愈加细腻。黏土具有一定的粘合性 可塑性极强 在刻画过程中能够反复修正 任意调整 修 刮 填,补比较便利。
    Clay materials come from a wide range of sources, convenient and inexpensive, through the process of "washing mud" and "refining process, its texture becomes more delicate. Clay has a certain degree of adhesiveness and plasticity. It can be adjusted and scraped repeatedly and conveniently in the process of characterization.
    还能够重复运用 是一种比较理想的造型资料,但是如果黏土中的水分失去过多则简单使黏土模型出现收缩 龟裂乃至产生开裂现象 不利于长期保存 。
    It can also be reused as an ideal modeling material, but if too much water is lost in the clay, it will simply make the clay model shrink and crack, which is not conducive to long-term preservation.
    另外,在黏土模型外表上进行作用处理的办法也不是许多,黏土制造模型时一定要选用含沙量少,在运用前要反复加工,把泥和熟,运用起来才便利。一般作为雕塑、翻模用泥运用。
    In addition, there are not many ways to deal with the surface of clay model. When making clay model, we must choose less sediment content, and process repeatedly before using, so that mud and ripening can be used conveniently. Usually used as clay for sculpture and mould turning.
    以上信息是我们济南模型公司整理发布希望对大家有所帮助我们的网站是:http://www.jnsymx.com
    The above information is our Jinan Model Company's collation and release of hope to help you all on our website is: http://www.jnsymx.com!
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