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    沙盘模型制作中关于色彩知识的解析
    2018-7-6 10:46:22 来源:http://www.jnsymx.com

    1、沙盘模型制作色彩的基本知识
    1. The basic knowledge of making color in the sand table model
    1)色彩是光作用于人的视觉神经所引起的一种感觉反。
    1) color is a sensory reaction caused by light acting on the human visual nerve.
    2)光照射到物体上,一部分被物体吸收,一部分被物体反射,另一部分透射到物体的另一侧。实际上物体颜色是物体反射光的颜色。
    2) when light is irradiated on the object, part of it is absorbed by the object, part of it is reflected by the object, and the other part is transmitted to the other side of the object. In fact, the color of objects is the color of objects reflecting light.
    3)光带的色彩应分为红、橙、黄、绿、青、紫6种。被称之为标准色。
    3) the color of the light band should be divided into 6 types: red, orange, yellow, green, green and purple. It is called the standard color.
    2、 色彩的属性
    2. The attribute of color
    1)色彩具有3种属性:即为色相、亮度和饱和度。
    1) color has 3 properties: hue, brightness and saturation.
    2)色相是指色彩所呈现的相貌及其不同色彩的面目。反应了不同色彩各自具有的品格。
    2) hue refers to the appearance of colors and their different colors. It reacts to the character of different colors.
    3)亮度指色彩的明亮度。接近白色的亮度高,接近黑色亮度低。以黄色的亮度为高。由黄色向两端发展 逐渐减弱。以紫色的亮度低。
    3) brightness refers to the brightness of color. Close to white brightness is high, close to black brightness. The Yellow brightness is the highest. The development of yellow to both ends gradually diminished. The brightness of purple is the lowest.
    4)饱和度指色彩的纯度。色相环上的标准色均为红色。它的饱和度为高。如果在标准色中加入白色, 饱和度降低而亮度提高如果字标准色中加入黑色,那么饱和度降低而亮度也降低。
    4) saturation refers to the purity of the color. The standard colors on the chromatic ring are all red. It has the highest saturation. If the white is added to the standard color, the saturation will decrease and the brightness will increase. If the standard color is added black, the saturation will decrease and the brightness will also decrease.
    3、色彩的物理作用
    3, the physical function of color
    1)定义:指各种颜色对物体的冷暖、远近、轻重和大小等物理属性在视觉上作用。
    1) definition: refers to the visual effects of various colors on physical properties such as temperature, distance, weight and size.
    2)各种特性含义
    2) the meaning of various characteristics
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    A、 温度感指不同色相的色彩分为暖色和冷色。常把橙、红之类的颜色称为暖色把青类颜色称为冷色,由冷暖原色合成的紫色、绿色称为温色。而一些既不属于暖色也不属于冷色的黑、白、灰和金、银色称为中型色。
    A, temperature refers to the color of different hue is divided into warm and cool colors. The color of orange and red is often called "warm color". The color of green is called cool color. The color purple and green, which are composed of cool and warm primaries, are called warm colors. Some of the black, white, gray and gold and silver, which are neither warm nor cold, are called medium colors.
    色彩的温度感与色彩的亮度有关。亮色具有凉爽,暗色具有温暖感。色彩的温度还与色彩的饱和度有关。在暖色范围中,饱和度越高越具有温暖感。在冷色范围中饱和度越高越具有凉爽感
    The temperature sense of color is related to the brightness of color. The bright color is cool, and the dark color has a warm feeling. The temperature of color is also related to the saturation of color. In the warm color range, the higher the saturation, the warmer it is. In the cool color range, the higher the saturation, the more cool it is.
    B、 距离感:它可使人感觉到进退、凹凸、远近的不同。色彩的距离感与色相和亮度有关。一般暖色和亮度较高的颜色具有前进、突出、接近的效果。而冷色和亮度较低的色彩具有后退、凹进、远离的效果。
    B, distance sense: it can make people feel the difference between advance and retreat, bump and distance. The distance sense of color is related to the color and brightness. Generally, warm colors and high brightness colors have the effect of advancing, striking and approaching. The coloring and low brightness colors have the effects of backing, concave and far away.
    C、 重量感:色彩的重量感取决于亮度和饱和度。亮度和饱和度高的显得轻亮度和饱和度低的显得重。
    C, weight sense: the weight of color depends on brightness and saturation. Brightness and saturation are high and appear light and low in saturation.

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