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    纸质材料在建筑模型制作中的加工处理方法
    2016-10-10 15:26:50 来源:http://www.jnsymx.com
    建筑模型制作中有纸质材料的制作工序,对于这些纸质材料应如何加工呢?对纸进行表面加工是为了改变纸的表面装涂,产生新的视觉感受。现实生活中,这样的应用非常广泛,如包装设计、家装设计等。处理纸表面的目的既可以加强视觉对比效果,也可以保持特定风格。一般而言,对纸表面加工的方法主要有凹凸处理、层叠、镂空、黏附、起毛等。
    Building models in the production of paper materials, the production process, the paper materials should be how to do? The surface finishing of the paper is to change the surface of the paper coating, resulting in a new visual experience. In real life, such a very wide range of applications, such as packaging design, decoration design, etc. The purpose of the treatment of paper surface can enhance the visual contrast effect, but also can maintain a specific style. Generally speaking, on the surface of the paper processing the main convex processing, laminated, hollow, adhesion, pilling etc.
    (1)凹凸处理。这是纸的表面处理中常用的一种加工方法。如果要得到棱线分明的凹凸处理效果,可以将纸放置在平整的工作台面上,通过沿所需要的不同分隔线折叠再展开的方式获得棱角分明的凹凸表面,将其打磨平整以后垫在需要加工的纸的下方,把纸喷湿后挤压成型,即获得与泡沫板相同的凹凸表面。
    (1) concave and convex processing. This is one of the most commonly used processing method in the surface treatment of paper. If you want to get the treatment effect of concave and convex edges clear, can be placed in the formation of the paper on the table, through the different dividing line along the desired folding and expansion obtained concave convex surface angular, the polishing pad on the bottom of the paper after machining, the paper wet after extrusion molding, i.e. get the same and foam concavo convex surface.
    (2)层叠。层叠就是为了增加纸质模型的厚度和强度,表现所需要的体量感。简单的方式是将纸一层层粘起来达到理想厚度,更灵活的方式是通过折叠处理纸以形成符合设计要求的结构,再将其层层粘合起来,这种加工方式需要制造者对空间结构的处理方式充分理解并灵活运用。
    (2) cascading. Stack is to increase the thickness and strength of the paper model, the performance of the need for a sense of body mass. The easiest way is to put the paper layers together to achieve the ideal thickness, a more flexible way by folding paper to form in line with the requirements of the structure design, the layers together, need the processing way makers treatment on the spatial structure of the understanding and flexible application.
    (3)镂空。镂空是现代设计艺术中常见的表面处理方式,通过镂空不同的图案,形成不同虚实对比的表面效果,比如屏风、包装容器等。除了视觉效果以外,镂空部分还提供虚实空间创造的多样可能性。
    (3) hollow. The hollow is surface treatment common in modern art design, through the hollow of different patterns, the formation of surface effects of different contrast, such as screen, containers etc. In addition to visual effects, a variety of possibilities of hollow part also provides virtual space to create.
    (4)黏附。黏附可以改变纸质的表面肌理是显而易见的,通过纸的表面刷上粘贴剂,即可以在其上撒上一些小的颗粒形成需要的表面肌理效果,如细砂、木屑、粉尘等各类粘连的物质,还可以用纸制作一些小的部件粘贴在其上方也能形成独特的视觉效果。粘贴物既能增加纸的重量和强度,也使整个纸质模型的表面肌理效果改观。
    (4) adhesion. The adhesion can change the surface texture of paper is obviously, the surface of the brush on the paper paste agent, which can sprinkle some small particles on the surface to form texture effects, such as material of fine sand, sawdust, and other types of dust adhesion, but also some small parts made of paper pasted on the upper to form a unique visual effect. The paste can not only increase the weight and strength of the paper, but also make the surface texture effect of the whole paper model improved.
    (5)起毛。建筑模型制作表面肌理效果有光面和粗糙面之分,但即使如此,很多时候也不一定完全能够满足制造者对外观和摩擦阻力的要求,制作者可以用手指和竹制工具对纸的表面进行刮、抓、刷、挫、擦等使纸的表面起毛,既可以使纸的表面产生新的变化,也可以增加纸张表面的摩擦力。
    (5) raising. Building model making surface texture has smooth and rough surface of the points, but even so, most of the time may not be fully able to meet the requirements of manufacturing appearance and frictional resistance, producers can surface on paper with fingers and bamboo tools for scraping, grasping, brush, etc. the abrasion surface raising paper. Not only can make the surface of the paper produced new change, also can increase the friction of the surface of the paper.
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